Referatai, kursiniai, diplominiai

   Rasti 38 rezultatai

Statistiniai duomenys liudija, kad per pastaruosius 5 metus narkomanų skaičius Lietuvoje išaugo beveik 10 kartų. Deja, panaši tendencija stebima ir mokyklose. Pedagogikos institutas dalyvauja Europos mokyklų projekte tiriant rūkymo, alkoholio ir narkotikų vartojimo paplitimą tarp moksleivių. 1995 m. tyrimų duomenimis, 3,2% 15-16 metų moksleivių šalyje jau bandė nelegalių narkotikų. 1999m. šis skaičius išaugo iki 15,5% (21% berniukų ir 9,6% mergaičių). Tyrimai parodė, kad net 96,5% šio amžiaus moksleivių jau yra vartoję alkoholį, o 73,6% bent kartą buvo girti (A.G. Davidavičienė, 1999). Taigi vargu ar rasime nors vieną moksleivį, kuris nebūtų girdėjęs apie narkotikus. Beveik kiekvienas jau turi ir savo nuomonę šiuo klausimu, paremtą draugų pasakojimais, matytais filmais, skaitytomis knygomis ar pan. O kai kurie, kaip liudija jau minėtų tyrimų duomenys jau turi ir asmeninę patirtį - yra gėrę alkoholį, rūkę "žolės", bandę ecstasy ar kitų narkotikų. Tyrimai rodo, kad moksleiviai apie narkotikus žino daugiau, nei suaugusieji - mokytojai ir tėvai. Moksleiviai domisi šiuo klausimu, žino daug narkotinių medžiagų pavadinimų, turi pažįstamų, vartojančių narkotikus, būna kompanijose, kuriose jie vartojami. Pastaruoju metu narkotikai tapo viena populiariausių moksleivių pokalbių ir diskusijų temų. Deja, jaunimui trūksta tikslios, tikros informacijos. Žinodami apie kai kurias žalingas narkotikų vartojimo pasekmes, jie nesupranta, kas yra fizinė ar psichologinė priklausomybė, abstinencija. Dauguma moksleivių nemano alkoholį ar nikotiną esant narkotikais. Yra paplitę daug mitų, pvz.; "jei vartosi ne kasdien, narkomanu netapsi", "keli kartai tikrai nepakenks", "žolė visai nekenkia" ir pan.
Psichologija  Referatai   (12 psl., 35,74 kB)
For many people, drinking alcohol is nothing more than a pleasant way to relax. However, people with alcohol use disorders drink to excess, endangering both themselves and others. This question-and-answer fact sheet explains alcohol problems and how psychologists can help people recover. When does drinking become a problem?How do alcohol use disorders affect people?
63 anglų topikai
Anglų kalba  Kalbėjimo temos   (42 psl., 53,24 kB)
To begin with i`d like to say that alcoholism is widely spread among young people and because of that it has become a serious national problem. Alcohol is widely used by young people. Around 90 per cent of european teenagers over the age of 14 years have tried alcohol at least once. ‘Binge drinking’, drink driving and unsafe sex can all result from the misuse of alcohol.
Anglų kalba  Kalbėjimo temos   (2 psl., 4,75 kB)
Drugs, alcohol and tobacco using circulate between pupils in Lithuania. The most common and the most observable pupils harmful habit is smoking. In Lithuania about 55% of pupils’ smokes in 5- 8 form. Moreover, from 38% until 77% smokes in the higher classes. On the average boys began to smoke in 6- 7 class, or girls in 8- 9 class. Tobacco smoke from a cigarette contains more than 5000 chemicals. Sixty of them are known to cause cancer. Nicotine is a highly addictive drug that acts as a stimulant, causing your heart rate and blood pressure to rice. As you smoke, tar coats your lungs and increases your risk of lung cancer. Smoking causes about nine out of ten cases of lung cancer. In addition, it causes approximately one- third of all heart disease and strokes. Drugs are the other harmful habit. Drugs is mostly using in discotheques, parties, nightclubs, recreational centers. About 2- 3% of pupils have tried or sporadically is using it. Pupils use drugs to relax or sedate the central nervous system. They can cause cyanosis. In addition, they can paralyze the portion of the brain that controls breathing, and thus cause death. Using of alcohol is very common: about 92- 95% pupils are taste it and about 10- 21% use it regularly. Alcohol is a drug, a chemical that changes the way the body works because of the chemical reactions in the brain, and its affects the way people think, feel speak and move. Alcohol is the number one drug abuse problem today. It is a direct cause of liver disease, stomach ulcers, pancreatitis, brain damage and other physical illnesses. K To sum up, these habits is very harmful fore everyone and especially for pupils. Therefore, if we want to prevent it firstly we should begin from ourselves and take attention what is happening around us.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (29,44 kB)
More males than females are affected by alcoholism, but drinking among the young and among women is increasing. Consumption of alcohol is apparently on the rise in the United States, as is the total alcohol consumption and prevalence of alcohol-related problems in the former communist countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. This increase is paralleled in other countries, including developing nations. After 1980, however, consumption remained relatively stable in many western European nations. Alcoholism, as opposed to merely excessive or irresponsible drinking, has been thought of as a symptom of psychological or social stress or as a learned, maladaptive coping behaviour. More recently, and probably more accurately, it has come to be viewed as a complex disease in its own right. Alcoholism usually develops over a period of years. Alcohol comes to be used more as a mood-changing drug than as a foodstuff or beverage served as a part of social custom or religious ritual. Initially, the alcoholic may demonstrate a high tolerance to alcohol, consuming more and showing fewer adverse effects than others. Subsequently, however, the person begins to drink against his or her own best interests, as alcohol comes to assume more importance than personal relationships, work, reputation, or even physical health. The person commonly loses control over drinking and is increasingly unable to predict how much alcohol will be consumed on a given occasion or, if the person is currently abstaining, when the drinking will resume again. Physical addiction to the drug may occur, sometimes eventually leading to drinking around the clock to avoid withdrawal symptoms. Effects Alcohol has direct toxic as well as sedative effects on the body, and failure to take care of nutritional and other physical needs during prolonged periods of excessive drinking may further complicate matters. Advanced cases often require hospitalization. The effects on major organ systems are cumulative and include a wide range of digestive-system disorders such as ulcers, inflammation of the pancreas, and cirrhosis of the liver. The central and peripheral nervous systems can be permanently damaged. Blackouts, hallucinations, and extreme tremors may occur. The latter symptoms are involved in the most serious alcohol withdrawal syndrome, delirium tremens, which can prove fatal despite prompt treatment. This is in contrast to withdrawal from narcotic drugs such as heroin, which, although distressing, rarely results in death. Recent evidence has shown that heavy—and even moderate—drinking during pregnancy can cause serious damage to the unborn child: physical or mental retardation, or both; a rare but severe expression of this damage is known as foetal alcohol syndrome. HISTORY OF ALCOHOL Thousands of years ago people began to make alcohol for practical reasons. Wine making began with the early Egyptians who found that grape juise spoiled quickly,but that fermented juise or wine would keep without spoiling.They also had problems with impure water,and the Egyptians noticed that people did not sick ower wine,but they often became ill when they drank inpure water.In later years,wine became inportant to the Roman Catholic Church throughuot Europe because wine was used to celebrate the sacrament of the Mass.By the 1300`s,beer industry had emerged in Central Europe.At this time,wine was also continuing to grow in popularity;many brands named for the places in which they originated.At first alcohol was desined for the practical reasons,its use changed.People began to experiment with different types of alcohol.Alcohol became an integral part of European culture.We need to understand the harmful effects of alcohol,because it can be fatal.
Alcohol advertising
Should alcohol advertising be banned Alcohol advertising is very popular thing. None of alcohol companies do not think what damage they cause. In the first palce, alcohol advetising should be banned, bacause they attract people to drink an alcohol. Nowadays there are a lot of alcoholic. In spite of, alcohol companies advertise alcohol and cause alcoholok incresaing much more. Another major problem for bannig alcohol advertising is fact that this advertising attarct people to drink and it increase the count of sick people who are ill for alcoholism. Alcoholism cause artrophy of cells, weaknes of sight, illnesses of kidneys, liver, stomach, heart and other orgasns. On the other hand, alcohol advertising shouw to people what new alcohol appeared. It help to poeple to choose alcohol, because alcokol is dveretrised very attraktive. In conclusion, I suppose that alcohol companies do not think what a big problem they cause with your alccohol advertising. Alcohol companies think about your benefit only.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (4,21 kB)
Alcohol can play a major part in many people's social lives. That's why it's easy to forget that it's actually a very powerful drug. Technically speaking, it's a depressant which means it slows down your body's responses in all kinds of ways. Just enough can make you feel great, too much and it's all over.
Biologija  Pagalbinė medžiaga   (1 psl., 4,43 kB)
Teenagers criminals
Now teenagers commit more crimes then adult ones. Gangs of young criminals are increasing every day. What is the reason of that? The answer is one: family's instability, alcoholism, economical problems, depreciated schools and education, imperfect law system. In 1997 13 children aged from 5 to 10 year committed crimes and burglaries. In 1998 more then 28. Last year teenagers committed about 535 crimes. During one-year period delinquency raised 16.6%.
Teisė  Pagalbinė medžiaga   (3 psl., 17,22 kB)
The Aim is to make a review on scientific literature. The Problem of the report is: The main causes of suicide; people’s condition who usually make it. Research methods used: I used closed questions because they allow respondents to answer the question very quickly, not using much time. In reason that findings would be more reliable I choose random sample. The majority of my respondents were students. There were 25 respondents, 68% of them were females and 32% males. The average of their age was 20.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (4,91 kB)
Living Well
There are two big problems in our life: people eating bad balanced food ar outher thei smoking. Health is the most important thing in a person’s life. Eating habits is a big part of a healthy life, so to keep yourself in a healthy way you have to eat only healthy and well-balanced food. In the first place, I should say that fruit and vegetables is the main component of food which you have to eat in order to stay healthy.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (2,05 kB)
"[W]e find that testing students who participate in extracurricular activities is a reasonably effective means of addressing the School District’s legitimate concerns in preventing, deterring, and detecting drug use." Justice Clarence Thomas U.S. Supreme Court JUNE 27, 2002 Board of Education of Independent School District No. 92 of Pottawatomie County v. Earls Foreword In June 2002, the U.S. Supreme Court broadened the authority of public schools to test students for illegal drugs.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (5,03 kB)
Nightclub is a business that is open at least twice a week and provides some type of regularly scheduled entertainment. It usually has an area for dancing if it is a dance club or a stage where patrons may observe entertainment such as live bands, comedy, magic, exotic dancers, etc. Most clubs serve alcoholic beverages and may or may not have dining. Night clubs have become the new fad in town!
Anglų kalba  Namų darbai   (4,84 kB)
One of the most striking features about India, which any foreign traveler must appreciate, is the size and diversity of this country. India is the seventh largest country in the world in terms of size, with a total landmass of 3,287,590 sq km. Located in South Asia, it has land boundary of 14,107 km with its neighbours [Pakistan, China, Bangladesh, Burma, Nepal and Bhutan] and a coastline of 7,000 km, which stretches across the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal in the Indian Ocean. India is a country of both diversity and continuity.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (4,84 kB)
New Year
New Year - conditional start of the Calendar year. Ancient Lithuanian, national holidays calendar, shows that the beginning of the New Year during ancient times had no fixed date. According to ethnographers’ thinking, the abundant agrarian rites with sun and fire elements of worship, winter’s burial, preparation for spring works traditions could signify the New Year start. Later the new Year was identified with Easter, which is bound with plant vegetation and start of outdoor work.
Anglų kalba  Namų darbai   (4,91 kB)
If you are on the move, America is the home of fast food. Enjoy a certain déjà vu as you sink your teeth into a McDonald's, Burger King, KFC or Pizza Hut menu or just a faint recognition at Jack in the Box, Wendy's or Taco Bell, the Mexican food takeaway. The hamburger is still king of fast food. For a healthier kind of fast food, don't miss America's legendary delicatessens (delis) - the best of which serve fantastic gourmet sandwiches and salads. Chose your sandwich - hoagie or sub (French bread), club (three slices of toast with fillings sandwiched in between), rye (black rye bread) or bagel and fill it up with cream cheese and lox (smoked salmon), chicken, pastrami (smoked beef), tuna or egg. As befits the American "melting pot" the range of ethnic cuisine on offer is vast - both at fast-food take outs and serious restaurants.
Anglų kalba  Konspektai   (4,26 kB)
Today’s teenagers have many drugs in their bodies crack, cocaine and many deadly weapons in their hands. Guns in the guns of teenagers and violence on TV and in films may be problems, but they are not the only ones. Children spend too much time hanging out. The positively example of family, shool, religion have grown weak and ineffective. Young single mothers are unprepared for child rearing… Many boys do not have the example to a strong positive male model.
Anglų kalba  Konspektai   (3,34 kB)
About languages
My native language is Lithuania. So he must know its fourth form I began to learn the English language. From history, grammar, literature spelling. When I was on the the very first days I understood that it is very difficult to learn. English, as it has different pronunciation and spelling. If you want to learn new words, grammar, how to form the sentence. It is necessary to know the history, culture, traditions of the country which language, you study.
Public services is a term usually used to mean services provided by government to its citizens, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing private provision of services. The term is associated with a social consensus (usually expressed through democratic elections) that certain services should be available to all, regardless of income. Even where public services are neither publicly provided nor publicly financed, for social and political reasons they are usually subject to regulation going beyond that applying to most economic sectors.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (8,51 kB)
Authors have always been writing about war. Ernest Hemingway, an American writer of the twentieth century, was one of them. That is to say, his novel “For Whom The Bell Tolls” is held by critics nearly the greatest masterpiece on this topic. Its object is the fatal changes in people’s lives during four days of the Spanish Civil War. War is as a circumstance under which the personalities of the characters, i.e.
Anglų kalba  Analizės   (2,81 kB)
Anglų kalbos temos
Personal identification I’m Darius. I was born in 1978 on the 21th of February in Kaunas. I don’t remember anything about the weather that day, but I know that it was about 2:30 p.m. I was the first child in the family. Our family is not very big, I have a brother. When I was a child I can't say, that I was a good boy. My parents always want me to be a good man, and now I'm very thankful for that.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (15,57 kB)
Jane Eyre
In this work there will be analyzed Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre. The book, acritique of social Victorian assumptions about gender and social class, became one of the most succeccful novels of its era, both critically and commercially. The structure of this work is as follows: - The period of Realism (it’s reflection in Jane Eyre) - Autobiography of Charlotte Bronte.
James Joyce (1882-1941), Irish novelist, noted for his experimental use of language in such works as “Ulysses“ (1922) and “Finneganns Wake“ (1939). Joyce's technical innovations in the art of the novel include an extensive use of interior monologue; he used a complex network of symbolic parallels drawn from the mythology, history, and literature, and created a unique language of invented words, puns, and allusions.
Drug, substance that affects the function of living cells, used in medicine to diagnose, cure, prevent the occurrence of diseases and disorders, and prolong the life of patients with incurable conditions. Since 1900 the availability of new and more effective drugs such as antibiotics, which fight bacterial infections, and vaccines, which prevent diseases caused by bacteria and viruses, has increased the average American’s life span from about 60 years to about 75 years. Drugs have vastly improved the quality of life.
Anglų kalba  Referatai   (11,98 kB)
Agnes grey
“Agnes Grey” by Anne Bronte is a strongly autobiographical novel portraying the world of a governess in the mid-nineteen century and examining social manners and the lack of moral perceptions. Drawing on her own experience the author of this book tries to reveal the position of a young, educated girl who sets out into the world to take up the only respectable career open to her – that of governess.
Anglų kalba  Analizės   (3,66 kB)
First of all I would like to say that the topic of my assay will be about one or another important thing which I can change around me and explain what would happen If change It. Besides, I must say that I am not so mighty that I could change an important thing, but I’ll try my best to imagine it. Nowadays the is a lot of poverty, thousands of people in Lithuania are unemployed, almost every third man needs charity and so on.
Anglų kalba  Rašiniai   (1 psl., 3,37 kB)
Alkoholinės medžiagos. Metanolis. Alkoholis žmogaus organizme. Požymiai, susiję su alkoholio koncentracija kraujyje. Alkoholių žala. Alkoholizmas. Naujas požiūris į alkoholį. Alkoholių nauda ir panaudojimas. Alkoholio vartojimas seniai yra viena iš pačių didžiausių žmonijos problemų. Anksčiau gerti alkoholį buvo tik vyrų “privilegija”, dabar, kaip bebūtų skaudu, svaiginasi moterys ir net paaugliai. Padidėjusiam alkoholinių gėrimų vartojimui didelę įtaką turi ir prasta Lietuvos ekonominė padėtis. Dažnas nesusimąsto, kokį poveikį turi alkoholis jo organizmui, mato tik momentinius pakitimus - “apsinešimą”, apsvaigimą, “gerumo jausmą”.
Chemija  Referatai   (8 psl., 26,62 kB)
Alkoholiai. Alkoholio kelias žmogaus organizmo viduje. Alkoholis kenkia vaisiaus vystymuisi. Girtumas. Požymiai, susiję su alkoholio koncentracija kraujyje. Žmonių skirstymas pagal alkoholio vartojimą. Ligos, kilę dėl nesaikingo alkoholio vartojimo. Alkoholizmas. Alkoholinė psichozė. Alkoholinis polineuritas. Alkoholio panaudojimas medicinoje. Nauji tyrimai apie alkoholio poveikį žmogaus organizmui. Naujas požiūris į alkoholį. Nauja hipotezė.
Medicina  Referatai   (15 psl., 24,16 kB)
2008 metų anglų kalbėjimo įskaitos konspektas "Alcohol and teenagers". Pati rašiau, gavau 10. tikiuosi, kam nors pravers.
Anglų kalba  Konspektai   (1 psl., 7,94 kB)
Pagalba ruošiantis anglų kalbos egzamino kalbėjimo daliai.
Lietuvių kalba  Pagalbinė medžiaga   (8 psl., 19,36 kB)